How to Perform Prayer (Shalat)

How to Perform Prayer (Shalat)


Prayer is so important for a Muslim/ Muslima, that it is referenced thus in the following hadiths:

Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA),

I heard Allah’s Messenger (SAW) saying, “Tell me, if there were a stream at the door of one of you in which he takes a bath five times a day, would any filth remain upon his body?” They replied, “No dirt would remain.” He (SAW) said, “Similar is the case of the five (obligatory) prayers. Allah obliterates all sins as a result of offering them.” (Bukhari: 528, Muslim: 667)

Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA), 

Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “There are some angels who take their turns for visiting you by night and by day, and they all assemble at the Fajr and Asr prayers. Those who have spent night among you, ascend towards the heaven and their Lord, Who is well-informed about them, asks: “In what condition did you leave My slaves?” They reply: “We left them while they were offering prayer and we went to them while they were offering prayer.”  (Bukhari: 555, Muslim: 632)  

Ibn Masud (RA) reported:                     

I asked Allah’s Messenger (SAW) which deeds are loved by Allah, the Exalted? The Holy Prophet said: The prayer (observed) at its appointed time. I again said: What next? He said: Kind treatment towards parents, I said: What next? He said: Jihad in the cause of Allah. (Bukhari: 527, Muslim: 85).

Narrated Buraidah (RA):               

Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said, “That which distinguished us from the disbelievers and hypocrites is our commitment to the prayers. He who abandons it, becomes a disbeliever  (At-Tirmidhi: 2626).  

How to Perform Prayer (Shalat) sholat

Here are sequences in prayer:         

  1. Facing the Qibla
  2. Intention in the heart
  3. Standing if possible
  4. Takbir (Allahu Akbar)
  5. Raised both hands
  6. Crossed on chest, eyes looking at the place of prostration with     humility
  7. Read iftitah
  8. Read ta’awudz
  9. Read Al-Fatihah                                                                                      
  10. Read a letter/letters after Al-Fatihah
  11. Ruku ‘
  12. Standing i’tidal
  13. Sujud/Prostration
  14. Sitting in between the two prostrations
  15. Rise to the next roka’at
  16. Tashahhud Awal (at second raka’at)
  17. Tashahhud Akhir (at the end of prayer)
  18. Taslim (Salam) 


 Illustration: Google Image

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Delina Partadiredja

The author has been writing since elementary school. Prior to be the in-charge person for contents she often contributed to an Islamic website. Further, she has co-authored two books and one book of poetry. Her previous banking career followed her completing Bachelor of Economics. She obtained an MBA from Leicester University in the UK. She currently lives in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

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