Prayer #9 : Recite Al-Fatiha

Prayer #9 : Recite Al-Fatiha

Surah Al- Fatiha has to be read in every raka’at in prayer while standing after reading iftitah. Ubada bin Samit, Radhiyallahu Anhu, reported that Allah’s Messenger, Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam, said,

His prayer is invalid who does not recite Surah Al-Fatiha, the first surah of the Qur’an in his prayer. (Bukhari: 756, Muslim: 394).

Al-Fatiha is,

 بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمـَنِ الرَّحِيم

الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِين
الرَّحمـنِ الرَّحِيم
مَـالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّين
إِيَّاك نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِين
اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيم
صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّين

Bismillaahirrohmaanirrohiim

Alhamdulillaahirobbil ‘aalamiin

Arrohmaanirrohiim

Maaliki yawmiddiin

Iyyaaka na’budu wa iyyaa ka nasta’iin

ihdinashiroothol mustaqiim

shiroothol ladziina an ‘amta ‘alaihim ghoiril maghduubi ‘alaihim wa ladhdholliin

1. In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

2. All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the Creator, Owner, Sustainer of the worlds. 

3. The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

4. The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)

5. You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

6. Guide us to the Straight Way

7. The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger, nor of those who went astray.

Prayer #9 : Recite Al-Fatiha 2014 02 05 16 12 56 photo  2  w640The Prophet, Sallallaahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam, recited Surah Al-Fatiha with stops in every verse, the verse does not connect with the next verse, so he read,

(then stop)   بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمـَنِ الرَّحِيم

(then stop)    الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِين

and  so on.

He read bismillaahirrohmaanirrohiim, with the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful in a low voice. (Bukhari, Muslim, Abu ‘Awanah, Thahawi, and Ahmad).

Therefore, we often hear the imam directly reading, alhamdulillaahirobbil ‘aalamiin, because he recites bismillaahirrohmanirrohiim in a low voice.

Sometimes he recited مَـالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّين with a shortened reading of maa which became  maliki yawmiddiin.

Wail bin Hujr Radhiyallahu Anhu reported, I heard Allah’s Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam as reciting

غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّين

(ghoiril maghduubi ‘alaihim wa ladhdholliin) and he said Aamiin prolonging his voice. (Tirmidhi: 248, Abu Dawud: 932).

Abu Hurairah, Radhiyallahu Anhu, reported Allah’s Messenger, Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, as saying : When the imam says Aamen, you also say Aamen and whose saying of Aamen coincides with the saying of Aamen by the Angels, his past sins would be pardoned. (Bukhari: 780, Muslim: 410).

 

References:

The Prayer of Muhammad (SAW) with help of authentic narrations of the Prophet by Dr. Syed Shafiq Ur-Rahman

Shifatu Shalaati An-Nabiyyi Shallallaahu ‘Alahi wa Sallama min At-Takbiiri ilaa At-Tasliimi Ka-annaka Taraahaa by  Muhammad Nashiruddin Al-Albani  

For your convenience you may purchase the book on how to pray by clicking here.

 

Delina Partadiredja

The author has been writing since elementary school. Prior to be the in-charge person for contents she often contributed to an Islamic website. Further, she has co-authored two books and one book of poetry. Her previous banking career followed her completing Bachelor of Economics. She obtained an MBA from Leicester University in the UK. She currently lives in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

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